Northwestern University Guide
The Ivy Scholars guide to Northwestern University’s culture, admissions, and other essential information for prospective students and their families.
Location: Evanston, Illinois
Mascot: Willie the Wildcat
Type: Private Research Institution
Population: 22,000 (8,000 undergrads)
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Northwestern University Statistics
Year Founded: 1851
4 Year Graduation Rate: 82%
Gender Distribution: 51% female, 49% male
Acceptance Rate: 9%
Residency: 34% in state, 54% out of state, 10% international
Location Type: Urban
Schedule System: Quarters
Student/Faculty Ratio: 6:1
Average Class Size: 20
Demographics: 48% Caucasian, 18% other, 17% Asian, 12% Hispanic, 6% Black
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US News Rankings:
- #9 National Universities
- #14 Best Value Schools
- #34 Undergraduate Research
- #57 Most Innovative Schools
- #76 Undergraduate teaching
- #2 Midwestern Schools per Forbes
- #16 Best Research Colleges per Forbes
- #17 Best Colleges per Forbes
- #22 World Universities per The Times of Higher Education
- #62 Best College for your Money per Money.com
Northwestern Admissions Information
- Early Decision: November 1st
- Regular Decision: January 1st
- Transfer Deadline: March 15th
- Early Decision: Mid-December
- Regular Decision: Late March
- ED: 25%
- RD: 6%
- Transfer: 15%
Average Applicant Pool: 37,000
Average Number of Applicants Accepted: 3,500
Average Number Enrolled: 2,000
Application Systems: Common App, Coalition App
Average GPA: 4.13 weighted
SAT Scores: 25th percentile – 1470, 75th percentile – 1570
ACT Scores: 25th percentile – 32, 75th percentile – 34
*Test mandatory. Writing sections are not required.
Subject Test Requirements: Subject Tests are no longer required, but still recommended.
Demonstrated Interest: Northwestern does consider demonstrated interest. How to Demonstrate Interest.
Recommendation Letter Policies: One letter should come from a counselor, either guidance, college advising, or some other figure familiar with your academic tenure. The other should come from a teacher of a core academic subject, ideally from Junior or Senior year.
Northwestern Essay Prompts:
- Common App Personal Statement (650 words)
- Other parts of your application give us a sense for how you might contribute to Northwestern. But we also want to consider how Northwestern will contribute to your interests and goals. In 300 words or less, help us understand what aspects of Northwestern appeal most to you, and how you’ll make use of specific resources and opportunities here. (300 words)
- When applying to the School of Music, an additional letter of recommendation from a music teacher is recommended, but not required. The school further requires either an audition or portfolio materials.
- Alumni interviews are available, but not a required component of admissions.
- The Honors Program in Medical Education (HPME) has its own application and requirements. Students must be admitted into Northwestern by the admissions office first, then their applications are considered for the program.
- Students generally transfer after completing a full year of undergraduate coursework.
- The Common or Coalition App must be used for transfer applications. The supplemental essay question is optional, but recommended.
- Standardized test scores are required.
- Transfer Credit information.
- The Bienen School of Music has additional audition requirements.
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Northwestern Admissions Strategy
The most important criteria for Northwestern admissions is academic record. The application aspects which are factored into the overall academic record are GPA, test scores, class rank, course rigor, and the application essay.
Other important factors are extracurriculars, recommendations, and talent.
Factors which are considered are legacy status, first generation status, demonstrated interest, race/ethnicity, and volunteer or work experience.
Northwestern does recruit and give some preference to athletes. While they are expected to meet the academic standards for admission, recruited athletes do have an advantage in the admissions process overall.
What is Northwestern Looking For?
While academic preparation is the most important factor overall in the admissions process, this is a weeding out factor, meant to ensure that all of the students at Northwestern are academically prepared for the rigors of college courses. Excelling academically alone is not enough to guarantee acceptance. Northwestern uses a holistic admissions process, and while academics are considered in this, they are not the entirety of what the school is looking for.
Northwestern is interested in “fit,” the idea that a student and a college should be well-suited for each other. That is the students strengths, and what they want to pursue, should line up with what the school is looking for, and what they can offer to the student in turn. Students who are passionate, intellectually curious, and academically driven fit into the idea of Northwestern.
For extracurricular involvement, Northwestern is looking for passionate, focused students, as most other elite universities are. Students who demonstrate considerable talent and aptitude in their own niche as specialists are more likely to stand out and gain acceptance. Students who are good at many things but not great at any one thing have a harder time standing out.
Northwestern has a commitment to diversity and inclusion of first-generation college students, which means their applications will be given special consideration so long as they also meet the high academic standards held by the school. Recruited athletes will be given the same consideration, and held to the same standard. Legacy applicants will be judged in much the same way, and while all of these factors may increase a student’s chances, none will guarantee acceptance.
Northwestern admits around half of their class each year through the Early Decisions process. The acceptance rate for ED applicants is therefore four times that of those who apply Regular Decision. If Northwestern is your top choice, the single largest boost to your admissions chances is to apply ED. WHile you still need to be academically qualified to be admitted, you are competing against a far smaller pool of candidates, allowing your application to stand out more.
Your test scores and GPA should be high to be considered for Northwestern. While they are not enough to guarantee admission, low scores or grades are enough to sink it. Studying for tests and to raise your grades should not consume you, but you should try to maintain high grades and achieve scores at around the 50th percentile of accepted Northwestern students.
Interviews are an optional part of the process, and not many students have the opportunity to complete them. While it won’t hurt you not to do one, it can help you if you are able to do one and impress your interviewer. This can further describe you and humanize you to admissions officers.
As Northwestern does consider demonstrated interest, showing this interest is a simple way to increase your chances of admission. While the best way to demonstrate interest is to apply ED, other ways are discussed in our article linked above.
Finally, a small number of applicants to Northwestern are interviewed by the president of the school, or have their applications reviewed by him. These students are a mix of faculty children, children of donors, politically connected children, and students at Chicago and Evanston Public Schools. Having an application reviewed in this manner does not automatically increase chances of admission. Indeed, the interview can deeply hurt admissions chances if the student fails to impress the president. While it is unlikely that you will be one of the few hundred applications reviewed out of the tens of thousands submitted, this is an interesting quirk of the Northwestern admissions process.
- Weinburg College of Arts and Sciences
- School of Communications
- School of Education and Social Policy
- McCormick School of Engineering
- Medill School of Journalism, Media, Integrated Marketing, Communications
- Bienen School of Music 10% acceptance rate
- Students are allowed to transfer freely between schools if they are in good academic standing and there is room in their desired major. It does require a meeting with an advisor.
- 2 courses in Natural Sciences
- 2 courses in Formal Studies
- 2 courses in Social and Behavioral Studies
- 2 courses in Historical Studies
- 2 courses in Ethics and Values
- 2 courses in Literature and Fine Arts
- Comprehensive Degree Requirement Information
Courses of Study:
- 102 Majors Offered
- Option to double major, or to pursue a dual degree, which usually occurs across two schools, conferring two degrees in unrelated disciplines, often taking 5 years.
- Popular majors include Econometrics, Economics, Psychology, Biology, Journalism, and Political Science.
- Minors Offered
- Course Catalog
AP Credit Policies:
- Northwestern awards credit for scores of 4 or 5, depending on the class. Whether or not the scores count towards graduation requirements varies by college. They grant credit for scores of 6 or 7 on IB exams.
- Comprehensive Test Credit Information
- Departmental Honors (contact individual departments for more information)
- University Honors (includes Latin Honors [summa cum laude, magna cum laude, and cum laude] based on cumulative GPA and Honorary Organizations and Prizes)
- Academic Honors Societies These offer an involved group of similarly focused scholars.
- The Office of Undergraduate Research serves to provide undergraduates with research opportunities.
- Business Related Programs These include minors, internship opportunities, and certificates.
- Business Career Advising exists to help students who wanted to major in business find alternative major and minor options.
- Northwestern offers the highly selective Honors Program in Medical Education, which is a highly selective 7 year joint BA/MD program.
- Northwestern Undergraduate Premedical Scholars Program (NUPSP) is an early acceptance program for Northwestern undergraduates who have completed two full years of coursework in a satisfactory manner into the Feinberg School of Medicine.
- Pre-Health Advising
Computer Science Options:
- The McCormick School of Engineering runs the Computer Science Department. They offer a BA and BS in computer science, and a BS in computer engineering. They further offer a minor in CS.
- Joint BS/MS degree in computer science is a five-year accelerated program.
- CS student organizations
Additional Specialty Programs:
- Dual Bachelors Degree Programs
- Special Courses
- Military Programs
- Innovation in News and Storytelling
- Arch Scholars Program
- SESP Leadership Institute
Programs for High Schoolers:
- Northwestern Academy for Chicago Public Schools provides resources for public school students in Chicago preparing to apply to college.
- National High School Institute is a summer program for high schoolers focused on debate, speech, music, theatre, film and visual arts.
- Medill-Northwestern Journalism Institute gives rising seniors hands-on experience in journalism and media.
- The College Preparation Program allows college-bound seniors to enroll in summer courses at Northwestern for college credit.
- The Music Academy at the Bienen School for Music provides music lessons to local students during the year.
Student Life at Northwestern University
School Motto: Whatsoever things are true. The world is full of grace and truth.
Mission and Values:
- Mission: Northwestern is committed to excellent teaching, innovative research, and the personal and intellectual growth of its students in a diverse academic community.
- Values: Integrity, Social Justice, Innovation, Collaboration, Stewardship
- Additional Information
- Student Testimonials (Niche, Unigo, Grad Reports)
Northwestern allows students to live in either traditional dorms, residential colleges, or special interest housing, all run by the university’s housing office. Residential Colleges offer more faculty involvement, and the opportunity to take seminars through the college.
Approximately half of all students live on campus.
Campus & Surrounding Area:
- The main campus runs North-South, parallel to Lake Michigan, along Sheridan street.
- The campus sits in downtown Evanston, just North of Chicago.
- North campus holds the fraternity quads, athletics facilities, the Technological Institute, and many other science related buildings. South campus holds humanities buildings, music buildings, Pick-Staiger Concert Hall, and the sorority quad.
- Northwestern has a dedicated police force, which has various safety initiatives.
- Virtual Tour, Virtual Events
- Northwestern runs various shuttles, both within Evanston and into Chicago.
- The metra rail system connects Evanston with the greater Chicago area.
- Parking Information
- The Rock – Students paint the Rock to advertise organizations, protest, or celebrate.
- Dance Marathon – Annual 30-hour philanthropic event
- Primal Scream – 9pm, on the Sunday before finals week as a way to destress
- Dillo Day – Annual concert held on memorial day weekend.
- D1 Athletics (Good Football and Women’s Basketball)
- Intramural Sports
- Club Sports
- Main Rival: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Greek Life: Northwestern University has a broad representation of social and fraternal organizations, more information can be found on their website.
- Downtown Evanston has various venues for live music and socializing, most of which are within walking distance of campus.
- Downtown Chicago, and all the attractions there, are an easy trip on public transit away.
- Football games are also large social events, drawing crowds for tailgating and post-game parties.
- Student music and theater groups have shows most weekends.
Yearly Cost of Attendance:
- Total: $78,654
- Tuition: $56,232
- Fees: $459
- Room & Board: $17,019
- Books: $1,638
- Personal Expenses: $2,201
- Transportation: $1,050
Northwestern is committed to meeting the demonstrated financial needs of all admitted students. 61% of students at Northwestern receive financial aid to some degree. In order to qualify for this aid, students must complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
All admitted freshman applicants are automatically considered for scholarships. Approximately 51% of Northwestern students receive some amount of aid from scholarships. These are used to fill financial needs after other types of aid are administered.
- Northwestern is the only one of the original schools in the Big 10 division to remain in it. It is less than half as big as the next smallest school in the division.
- Northwestern hosted the first ever Division I NCAA men’s basketball game.
- Northwestern has the nation’s largest student run musical, a tradition which started when the swim club needed to raise money in 1940.
- Northwestern’s original mascot was a black bear cub from the Lincoln Park Zoo, but it was deemed bad luck after a disastrous first season and banished from campus.
- Notable alumni include Stephen Colbert, Meghan Markle, George R.R. Martin, and Jerry Springer.
- In 1972, students voted to change the team name from “Wildcats” to “Purple Haze,” but this was promptly ignored and the wildcats name remains to this day.
- A proposed merger with the University of Chicago in 1933 was denounced, among other reasons, as an attempt by Chicago to annex Evanston.